yoga mudras and Benefits - Hand Yoga Mudras and their health Benefits

Yoga mudras and Benefits

Mudra means “Gesture” which are performed by hands and fingers. In the yoga and spiritual practices, Mudras have been used for thousands of years to assist in meditation and healing.

In Yoga, Mudras are hand gestures used in conjunction with pranayama and are generally done while seated in Padmasana, Sukhasana or Vajrasana pose.

Our physical body has the characteristics of the same 5 elements represented by 5 fingers.

Thumb – Fire Element

Index Finger – Air Element

Middle Finger – Space or Ether Element

Ring Finger – Earth Element

Little Finger – Water Element

Yoga Mudras And Benefits

1. Gyan Mudra

This mudra is also called “Mudra of Knowledge” The Gyan Mudra is considered as one of the most important mudra. This is best mudra to do pranayama along with any asana.

How to do :    

Yoga mudras and benefits

Touch the tip of the thumb and the tip of the tip of the index or first finger together. Keep the remaining 3 fingers straight


  • It helps in meditation, concentration and reduces negativity of the mind.
  • It improves memory, if the students practice it regularly, then their intelligence also increases.

2. Vayu Mudra

The word Vayu means “Air”. The practice of Vayu mudra reduces air content in the body. It calls Vayu -shamak mudra (air-reducing)

It is highly beneficial in balancing aggravated Vata Dosha.

How to do

vayu yoga mudra and their benefits

In this mudra the tip of the index or first finger is touched to the base of the thumb and the thumb comes over the finger with a slight presser of the thump being exerted.

Rest of the fingers remains straight.


  • It is helpful in Arthritis, Gout, Sciatica, Knee pain and Gas
  • It is specially benefits in neck pain and spinal pain.

3. Akash Mudra

Akash means to view and Recognize, and mudra means a gesture of hands.

This Mudra is that yoga mudra enhances the space element out of the five elements of the body.

The middle finger is the symbol of the space element.

How to do

akash yoga mudra and benefits

Join tip of middle fingers and thumb and keep other three fingers straight.

Place your hand over the knee and place your palms up.

Put light pressure on jointed tips and keep the rest of the hand relaxed.

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  • It removes all the problems of the ear, helps to reduce vomiting and vertigo.
  • Akash mudra is good for heart’s health.
  • This mudra also detoxifies the body.
  • Ayurveda states that the problem of migraine is due to the lack of space element in the body. If it is balanced then migraine can be overcome.

4. Shunya Mudra

Shunya mudra, also known as Akash Shamak Mudra.

This Shunya Mudra represents the element of our inner heaven. And decrease the space element (akasha) in the body.

It is practiced to reduce the imbalance that arises from the growth of the sky elements.

Our middle finger is connected to the sky, this mudra conducts the fire elements inside the body.

How to do

shunya yoga mudra and benefits

The tip of the middle finger is put at the base of the thumb and the thumb comes over the finger with slight pressure of the thumb being exerted on the finger.

The other 3 fingers are kept straight.


  • Regular practice of this Mudra helps in reducing ear pain and watering of the ears
  • It strengthens gums and is helpful in throat problems and thyroid disease.

5. Prithvi Mudra

Prithvi mudra increases the earth element and decreases the excess of fire element simultaneously.

This is also the term used for the Earth element in Ayurveda.

How to do

Prithvi yog mudra by touch ring finger and thumb

Join tip of ring finger and thumb and keep other tree fingers straight.

Now put both your hands above the knees and keep the palms up.

Put light pressure on jointed tips and keep the rest of the hand relaxed.


  • It improves the functioning of the digestive system
  • Reduces deficiency of vitamins.
  • It gives energy and lustre to the body.

6. Agni Mudra

This mudra is also known as the mudra of fire. Agni Mudra helps to balance your body heat.

for agni mudra yourring finger at the root of your thumb and press with thumb

Keep your ring finger at the root of your thumb and press with thumb. Now put both your hands above the knees and keep the palms up. Put a little pressure on your palm and rest of the hand would be in relaxed position.


This mudra helps to reduce the extra fat around your belly, boosts metabolism and controls obesity. It also helps to improve digestion and body strength.

It is helpful in diabetes, liver problems, reduces cholesterol levels and strengthens the body.

7. Varun Mudra

The word Varuna is known as “God of Water” and “God of Sea” in Hindus.

Due to its ability to increase the water content in the body, varun mudra also known as Jal Vardhak Mudra.

How to do

hand in varun mudra

Join tip of little finger and thumb and keep other three fingers straight. Keep hand on your folded knees, remember to keep palm facing up.

Light pressure on jointed tips and keep the rest of the hand relaxed.


It is beneficial for all blood related problems. Skin as well as urinary problems.

8. Pran Mudra

Prana means ‘energy’ or life. Prana vayu is extremely important vayu.

This mudra excites the root chakra, that makes vibration plus heat, which awakens and energize the body.

This energizes the body and awakens all the organs. This mudra links to the heart plus soul of the person.

How to do

prana yoga mudra and benefits

In this Mudra the tip of the thumb, ring finger and the little finger are touched together while keeping the other 2 finger straight.


  • It is beneficial for removing eye and nerves related problems. It energises the body and balances vitamins in the body.

Yoga Nidra – Supreme Relaxation Technique

What is Vipassana Meditation, How to do Vipassana


This Yoga Mudra can be done while sitting, standing or lying down.
Initially do it for 10 minutes and later you can increase it to 30 minutes. It is necessary to regular to get its benefits.

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